The authoritative source on
  early churches of New Jersey

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We've created a database and photographic inventory on more than three-fourths of the 18th & 19th century churches in the state and add to it more or less each month. We welcome and solicit all corrections, contributions and suggestions from our visitors.


St. Barnabas Free Mission Church


Burlington, Burlington County
Broad Street
founded 1856, built 1858

St. Barnabas Free Mission Church, BurlingtonThe Episcopals already had two churches in Burlington in 1858, only a few blocks away, but Bishop Doane felt a need for this chapel, a mission of St. Mary’s, and had it designed as a simple medieval English parish church. The first priest was Doane's son—a coincidence, perhaps.

The Gothic Revival in this state owes much to Doane, who insisted that the liturgy of the Episcopal church was best served by including specific architectural elements promulgated by Ecclesiological Societies here and in England. And this was designed according to Ecclesiology principles; in spite of the clean, uncluttered lines which is due in large part to the way the windows seem to be chiseled out of the walls, it is clearly a Gothic building. The altar is oriented towards the east, there is a south entrance, Gothic-arch windows, buttresses, and an articulated chancel—all important elements of the Gothic Revival idea in Anglican churches erected under Doane.

Doane's son ultimately converted to Catholicism and became a significant bishop in New England, I believe. For more information about Doane's architectural influence, see Phoebe Stanton's book, The Gothic Revival and American Church Architecture.

Woodward, 152